EFFECT OF LEAF RUST DISEASE ON VARIOUS MORPHO-PHYSIOLOGICAL AND YIELD ATTRIBUTES IN BREAD WHEAT

Ghulam M.U. Din, Amjad Ali, Amjad Abbas, Muhammad Naveed, Javed Anwar, Muhammad H. Tanveer

Abstract


Leaf rust of wheat caused by Puccinia triticina is one of the most important diseases in the Pakistan and cause both yield and quality reduction. To investigate the effect of leaf rust of wheat on morph-physiological processes and grain yield, a field experiment was conducted using different wheat lines and varieties. The morpho-physiological attributes of the infected plant leaves were badly affected by the infection of leaf rust of wheat. The experiment comprised two treatments, one was inoculated with leaf rust spores manually and Morocco as a spreader while other keeping as a control. The results showed that there was -42.92, -23.72, -23.01, and -11.42, % decrease in chlorophyll content, flag leaf area, specific flag leaf area and relative water content in leaf rust (diseased) plot respectively while 21.24, 160.16% increase in relative dry weight and relative membrane permeability in the leaf rust plot. The results also revealed that leaf rust of wheat also reduces the yield components like number of grains per spike, spike length and 1000 grain weight (-52.38, -43.37 and -45.50 respectively). Thus, it could be concluded that leaf rust of wheat affect the morph-physiological process of wheat plants and badly reduce the yield as well.


Keywords


Puccinia triticina, morpho-physiology, grain yield, Triticum aestivum

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agrios, G. N., M. E. Walker and D. N. Ferro. 1985. Effect of cucumber mosaic virus inoculation at successive weekly intervals on growth and yield of pepper (Capsicum annuum) plants. Plant Dis. 69: 52-55.

Aldesuquy, H., Z. Baka and B. Mickky. 2014. Kinetin and spermine mediated induction of salt tolerance in wheat plants: Leaf area, photosynthesis and chloroplast ultrastructure of flag leaf at ear emergence. Egypt. J. Basic App .Sci. 1: 77-87.

Ali, M.A., S. Niaz, A. Abbas, W. Sabir and K. Jabran. 2009. Genetic diversity and assessment of drought tolerant sorghum landraces based on morph-physiological traits at different growth stages. Plant Omics. 2: 214.

Ayres, P. G. 1981. Effects of disease on plant water relations. Effects of disease on the physiology of the growing plant. (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England). 131-148.

Bancal, M. O., C. Robert and B. Ney. 2007. Modelling wheat growth and yield losses from late epidemics of foliar diseases using loss of green leaf area per layer and pre-anthesis reserves. Ann. Bot. 100: 777-789.

Bancal, P. and F. Soltani. 2002. Source–sink partitioning. Do we need Münch? J. Exp. Bot. 53: 1919-1928.

Bassanezi, R.B., L. Amorim and R.D. Berger. 2002. Gas exchange and emission of chlorophyll fluorescence during the monocycle of rust, angular leaf spot and anthracnose on bean leaves as a function of their trophic characteristics. J. Phytopathol. 150: 37-47.

Bassanezi, R.B., L. Amorim, B. Hau and R.D. Berger. 2001. Accounting for photosynthetic efficiency of bean leaves with rust, angular leaf spot and anthracnose to assess crop damage. Plant Pathol. 504: 443-452.

Bastiaans, L. 1991. Ratio between virtual and visual lesion size as a measure to describe reduction in leaf photosynthesis of rice due to leaf blast. Phytopathol. 81: 611-615.

Beard, C., R.L. Geraldton, G. Thomas and K. Jayasena. 2005. Managing stripe rust and leaf rust of wheat. Farmnote. Department of Agriculture. Govt. West. Aust. 43.

Beasse, C., B. Ney and B. Tivoli. 2000. A simple model of pea (pisum sativum) growth affected by Mycosphaerella pinodes. Plant Pathol. 49: 187-200.

Bolton, M.D., J.A. Kolmer and D.F. Garvin. 2008. Wheat leaf rust caused by Puccinia triticina. Mol. Plant Pathol. 9: 563-575.

Carretero, R., M.O. Bancal and D.J. Miralles. 2011. Effect of leaf rust (Puccinia triticina) on photosynthesis and related processes of leaves in wheat crops grown at two contrasting sites and with different nitrogen levels. Eur. J. Agron. 35: 237-246.

Carretero, R., R.A. Serrago, M.O. Bancal, A.E. Perelló and D.J. Miralles. 2010. Absorbed radiation and radiation use efficiency as affected by foliar diseases in relation to their vertical position into the canopy in wheat. Field Crops Res., 116: 184-195.

Cornish, P. S., P.S. Cornish,G.R. Baker, G.R. Baker, G.M. Murray and G.M. Murray. 1990. Physiological responses of wheat (Triticum aestivum) to infection with Mycosphaerella graminicola causing Septoria tritici blotch. Crop Pasture Sci. 41: 317-327.

Dueveiller, E., R. Singh and J. Nicol. 2007. The challenges of maintaining wheat productivity: pests, diseases, and potential epidemics. Euphytica. 157: 417-430.

Funayama, S., K. Hikosaka and T. Yahara. 1997. Effects of virus infection and growth irradiance on fitness components and photosynthetic properties of Eupatorium makinoi (Compositae). Am. J. Bot. 84: 823-823.

Gaunt, R. E. 1995. The relationship between plant disease severity and yield. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 33: 119-144.

German, S., A. Barcellos, M. Chaves, M. Kohli and P.V.I Campos. 2007. The situation of common wheat rusts in the Southern Cone of America and perspectives for control. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 58: 620-630.

Goodman, R.N., Z. Király and K.R. Wood. 1986. The biochemistry and physiology of plant disease. University of Missouri Press.

Huerta-Espino, J., R.P. Singh, S. German, B.D. McCallum, R.F. Park, W.Q. Chen, S.C. Bhardwaj and H. Goyeau. 2011. Global status of wheat leaf rust caused by Puccinia triticina. Euphytica. 179(1): 143-160.

Johnson, C. S. and C.E. Main. 1983. Yield/quality trade-offs of tobacco mosaic virus-resistant tobacco cultivars in relation to disease management. Plant Dis. 67:886-890.

Kuhn, C. W. W.O. Dawson. 1973. Multiplication and pathogenesis of cowpea chlorotic mottle virus and southern bean mosaic virus in single and double infections in cowpea. Phytopathol. 63: 1380-1385.

Lawlor, D.W. 2013. Genetic engineering to improve plant performance under drought: physiological evaluation of achievements, limitations, and possibilities. J.Exp. Botany., 64: 83-108.

Lopes, D. B. and R.D. Berger. 2001. The effects of rust and anthracnose on the photosynthetic competence of diseased bean leaves. Phytopathol. 91: 212-220.

Lucas, J. A. 1998. Plant Pathology and Plant Pathogens. Blackwell Science, Bristol.

Madden, L. V. and F.W. Nutter Jr. 1995. Modeling crop losses at the field scale. Can. J. Plant Pathol. 17: 124-137.

Ostazeski, S. A., P.R. Henson and C.S. Garrison. 1970. Effect of Tobacco ring spot virus on yield, persistence, flowering and seed set of Lotus corniculatus. Phytopathol. 60: 1753-1755.

Pazarlar, S., M. GÜMÜS and G.B. ÖZTEKIN. 2013. The Effects of Tobacco mosaic virus infection on growth and physiological parameters in some pepper varieties. Not.Bot. Horti.Agrobo. 41: 427.

Rabbinge, R., I.T.M. Jorritsma and J. Schans. 1985. Damage components of powdery mildew in winter wheat. Neth. J. Plant Pathol. 91: 235-247.

Robert, C., M.O. Bancal and C. Lannou. 2002. Wheat leaf rust uredospore production and carbon and nitrogen export in relation to lesion size and density. Phytopathol. 92: 762-768.

Serrago, R. A., R. Carretero, M.O. Bancal and D.J. Miralles. 2009. Foliar diseases affect the eco-physiological attributes linked with yield and biomass in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Eur.J. Agron, 31: 195-203.

Shtienberg, D. 1992. Effects of foliar diseases on gas exchange processes: a comparative study. Phytopathol. 82: 760-765.

Slafer, G.A. and H.M. Rawson 1994. Sensivity of wheat phasic development to major environmental factors: a re-examination of some assumptions made by physiologists and modellers. Funct. Plant Biol. 21: 393-426.

Spitters, C. J. T., H.J.W. Van Roermund, H.G.M. Van Nassau, J. Schepers and J. Mesdag. 1990. Genetic variation in partial resistance to leaf rust in winter wheat: disease progress, foliage senescence and yield reduction. Neth J Plant Path. 96: 3-15.

Stakman, E. C., D.M. Stewart, and W.Q. Loegering. 1962. Identification of physiologic races of Puccinia graminis var. tritici. (Washington, DC: USDA). 1-53.

Taiwo, M. A. and O.J. Akinjogunla. 2006. Cowpea viruses: Quantitative and qualitative effects of single and mixed viral infections. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 5: 1749

Teulat, B., N. Zoumarou-Wallis, B. Rotter, M.B. Salem, H. Bahri and D. This. 2003. QTL for relative water content in field-grown barley and their stability across Mediterranean environments. Theor. App.Genet. 108:181-188.

Tiedemann, A. V. 1996. Single and combined effects of nitrogen fertilization and ozone on fungal leaf diseases on wheat. J. Plant Dis. Prot. 103: 409-419.

Van Oijen, M. 1990. Photosynthesis is not impaired in healthy tissue of blighted potato plants. Neth. J. Plant Pathol. 96: 55-63.

Wintermantel, W. M. 2005. Co-infection of Beet mosaic virus with beet yellowing viruses leads to increased symptom expression on sugar beet. Plant Dis. 89: 325-331.

Yang, G., D. Rhodes and R.J. Joly 1996. Effects of high temperature on membrane stability and chlorophyll fluorescence in glycinebetaine-deficient and glycinebetaine-containing maize lines. Funct Plant Biol. 23: 437-443.

Zuckerman, E., A. Eshel and Z. Eyal. 1997. Physiological aspects related to tolerance of spring wheat cultivars to Septoria tritici blotch. Phytopathol. 87: 60-65.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

      
   
Pakistan Journal of Phytopathological
ISSN: 1019-763X (Print), 2305-0284 (Online).
© 2013 Pak. J. Phytopathol. All rights reserved.