SUSCEPTIBILITY OF CHILLI LINES / VARIETIES TOWARDS CHILLI LEAF CURL VIRUS AND ITS MANAGEMENT THROUGH VECTOR CONTROL

Muhammad S. Hussain, khalid Naveed, Muhammad Atiq

Abstract


 

                                                                 

Chilli leaf curl virus (ChiLCV) is a serious problem for chilli production in Pakistan and India. In this study, fourteen different chilli lines / varieties were screened for their resistance/susceptibility towards ChiLCV in open field trials. Data of disease severity and disease incidence was recorded on weekly basis. Out of all varieties screened, Tatapuri Chilli and CH111 showed high susceptibility towards the chilli leaf curl disease. Talhari, CH 99, CH103, CH 106, CH107, CH108, CH109, GSL111 showed susceptible response whereas CBS1292 showed moderately susceptible response towards the disease. Only two cultivars Hybrid-46 and Hot Queen were found as moderately resistant. The screening experiment showed that most of the chilli varieties are susceptible to chilli leaf curl disease and resistance is lacking in local germplasm. Furthermore, three insecticides: Imidacloprid, Polo and Emamectin were tested for their efficacy for the management of disease and whitefly vector in field conditions at weekly intervals. Out of three insecticides, Polo gave best results as compared to Emamectin and Imidacloprid against chilli leaf curl disease and whitefly vector.


Keywords


Chilli leaf curl virus, insecticides, disease severity, whitefly, management

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agriculture Statistics of Pakistan 2010-11. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, Government of Pakistan.

Ashfaq, M., M.A. Khan, S.M. Mughal, N. Javed, T. Mukhtar and M. Bashir. 2007. Evaluation of Urdbean germplasm for resistance against Urdbean leaf crinkle virus. Pak. J. Bot., 39(6): 2103-2111.

Banerjee M.K., M.K. Kalloo. 1987. Sources and inheritance of resistance to leaf curl virus in Lycopersicon. Theoretical and Applied Genet, 73: 707–710.

Bosland P.W. and E.J. Votava. 2000. Peppers: Vegetable and Spice Capsicums. CABI Publishing, CAB International, Wallingford.

Dorantes L, R Colmenero, R.H. Hernandez, L. Mota, M.E. Jaramillo, E. Fernandez, and C. Solano. 2000. Inhibition of growth of some foodborne pathogenic bacteria by capsicum annum extracts. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 57(1): 125-128.

Fauquet C.M. and J. Stanley. 2003. Geminivirus classification and nomenclature: progress and problems. Ann. Appl. Biol. 142, 165–189.

Gomez P, A.R. Hernandez, B. Moury, M. Aranda. 2009. Genetic resistance for the sustainable control of plant virus diseases, breeding, mechanisms and durability. Eur J Pl Pathol. 125 (1): 1-22.

Hameed S., H. Shah, H. Ali and S. Khalid. 1995. Prevalence of chilli viruses in Pakistan. Fifth National Congress of Plant Sciences, 1995, March 28-30. NARC, Islamabad.

Iqbal S., M. Ashfaq, H. Shah, M.I. Haq and Aziz-Ud-Din. 2012. Prevalence and distribution of Cucumber mosaic cucumovirus (CMV) in major chilli growing areas of Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot., 44(5): 1749-1754.

Kraft K.H., C.H. Brown, G.P. Nabhan, E. Leudeling, J.D.J. Luna Ruiz, G.C.D. Eeckenbrugge, R.J. Hijmans, and P. Gepts. 2014. Multiple lines of evidence for the origin of domesticated chilli pepper, capsicum annum, in Mexico. PNAS. 111(17): 6165-6170.

Kumar, S and M. Rai. 2005a. Chile in India. Vol. XXII. Chile Pepper Institute Newsletter, pp. 1–3.

Kumar S., S. Kumar, M. Singh, A. K. Singh and M. Rai. 2006b. Identification of host plant resistance to pepper leaf curl virus in chilli (Capsicum species). Scientia Horticulturae 110:359–361.

Meghvansi, M.K., S. Siddiqui, H. Khan, V.K. Gupta, M.G. Vairale, H.K. Gogo and L. Singh. 2010. Naga chilli: a potential source of capsaicinoids with broad-spectrum ethnopharmacological applications. J. Ethnopharmacol. 132: 1–14.

Pawar S.S, N.V. Bharude, S.S. Sonone, R.S. Deshmukh, A.K. Raut, and A.R. Umarkar. 2011. Chillies as food, spice and medicine, a perspective. Int. J. Pharm. Biologic. Sci. 1(3): 311-318.

Peter K.V, 1999. Making of global leader in the production of spices. The Hindu Survey of India Agriculture. 81-84.

Senanayake D.M.J.B, B. Mandal, S. Lodha and A.Verma. 2006a. First report of chilli leaf curl virus affecting chilli in India. New Dis Reports. 13(27).

Senanayake D.M.J.B, A. Varma, B. Mandal. 2012b. Virus-vector relationships, host range, detection and sequence comparison of chilli leaf curl virus associated with an epidemic of leaf curl disease of chilli in Jodhpur, India. Phytopathol. 160 (3): 146-155.

Shah H, and S. Khalid. 2001. Screening of exotic pepper lines against local isolate of Chilli veinal mottle potyvirus. JBologic.Sci.1(11): 1078-1080.

Singh S.J, K.S. Sastry, and K.S.M. Sastry. 1979. Efficacy of different insecticides and oils in the control of leaf curl virus disease of chillies. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection. 86(5): 253-256.

Stenger D.C, J.E. Duffus, B. Villalon. 1990. Biological and genomic properties of a Gemini virus isolated from pepper. Phytopathology. 80: 704-709.

Stenger, D.C., Duffus, J.E., Villalon, B., 1990. Biological and genomic proper-

ties of a geminivirus isolated from pepper. Phytopathology 80, 704–709.

Talukder M.M.R, M. Riazzudin, E. Mahmud, M.S. Uddin and, M.S.I. Khan. 2012. Management of leaf curl disease of chilli by using chemicals and barrier crop. Int. J. Sustain. Crop Prod. 7(2): 9-11.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

      
   
Pakistan Journal of Phytopathological
ISSN: 1019-763X (Print), 2305-0284 (Online).
© 2013 Pak. J. Phytopathol. All rights reserved.