Majid Karim, Rashida Perveen, Syed A.H. Naqvi


Wheat and chickpea are considered the most important sources of food and energy and stored for longer period of time in the rural areas in the farmers sheds as seed for the next crop and as market commodity to sale. Both of these crops are liable to many mycoflora which not only deteriorate their quality but also leads toward the crop failure during the coming season. A number of seed borne pathogens viz., Aspergills niger, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus sulphureus, Aspergillus nidulense, Rhizopus stolonifer, Penicillium spp. and Drechslera spp, were isolated from wheat seed samples while Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Bipolaris spp., Penicillium spp. and Rhizopus stolonifer were isolated from seed samples of chickpea. Various broad spectrum fungicides were evaluated against the isolated mycoflora which showed significant result. Score, Topsin-M and ridomil gold to be the most significant fungicides at all doses against the isolated mycoflora.


Fungi, Fungicides, Wheat, Chickpea, Storage, Grains

Full Text:



Adsule RN, K. S. 1986. Quality of Wheat and Wheat Products. Metropolitan Book Co, New Delhi, India.

Ahmad, I., S. Iftikhar and A. R. Bhutta. 1993. Seed borne microorganism in Pakistan.

Ali, M., M. Khan, A. Rahaman, M. Ahmed and A. Ahsan. 2010. Study on seed quality and performance of some mungbean varieties in Bangladesh. International Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 1: 10-15.

Allen, T. W., S. A. Enebak and W. A. Carey. 2004. Evaluation of fungicides for control of species of Fusarium on longleaf pine seed. Crop Protection, 23: 979-982.

Belderok, B., J. Mesdag and D. A. Donner. 2000. Manufacturing of other wheat products. Bread-making quality of wheat. Springer Netherlands, pp. 47-54.

Bhutta, A. and S. Hussain. 1999. Seed-borne pathogens of wheat in Pakistan. Barley and Wheat Newsletter.

Bhutta, A. R., M. R. Bhatti, I. Ahmad and I. Sultana. 2001. Chemical control of seed-borne fungal pathogens of sunflower/control químico de patógenos de semillas en girasol/mesures de défense contre les champignons pathogènes du tournesol transmis par la semence. Helia, 24: 67-72.

Bishaw, Z., P. Struik and A. Van Gastel. 2013. Farmer’s seed sources and seed quality: 2. Seed health. International Journal of Plant Production, 7: 637-657.

Carey, W. A., S. W. Oak and S. A. Enebak. 2005. Pitch canker ratings of longleaf pine clones correlate with Fusarium circinatum infestation of seeds and seedling mortality in containers. Forest Pathology, 35: 205-212.

Desmarchelier, J. M. and T. Ghaly. 1993. Effects of raising the receival moisture content on the storability of Australian wheat. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 33: 909.

Dhar, V. and S. Gurha. 1998. Integrated Management of chickipea diseases. Integrated pest and disease management. Rajeev, K., Upadhyay, KG, Mukerji, BP, Chamola and Dubey, OP (eds.) APH Pub. Co., New Delhi.(India): 249.

Dharmvir, A., L. Joshi and K. Pathak. 1968. Preliminary note on the occurrence of black point disease of wheat in India. Indian Phytopathology, 21: 234.

Doyer, L. C. 1938. Manual for the determination of seed-borne diseases. Manual for the determination of seed-borne diseases.

FAO 2007. GIEWS workstation. Available at: http://lprapp08. (Accessed 5 November 2007

Fakir, G. 1999. Seed Health-an Indispensable Agro-technology for crop production. Lecture note for course on Agro-technology and Environment Management for the CARITAS officers at GTI, BAU, Mymensingh from: 1-4.

Hulse, J. H. 1994. Nature, composition, and utilization of food legumes. Expanding the Production and Use of Cool Season Food Legumes. Springer Netherlands, pp. 77-97.

Javaid, A., A. Ashraf, N. Akhtar, M. Hanif and M. A. Farooq. 2006. Efficacy of some fungicides against seed-borne mycoflora of wheat. Journal of Myco- phytopathology, 4: 45-49.

Joshi, M. M. a. R. S. S. A. 1969. Botrytis grey mould of gram. Indian Phytopathology, 22: 125-128.

Kamal, M. and S. M. Moghal. 1968. Studies on plant diseases of South West Pakistan. Studies on plant diseases of South West Pakistan.

Khan, H., S. Iqbal, A. Haqqani, S. Khan and B. Malik. 1991. Thal-the home of chickpea in Pakistan. International Chickpea Newsletter, 24: 7-10.

Kolotelo, D., Steenis, E. V., Peterson, M., Bennet, R., Trotter, D. and Dennis, J. 2007. Seed Handling Guidebook, Canada.

Kumar, A., U. S. Singh, J. Kumar and G. K. Garg. 2008. Application of molecular and immuno-diagnostic tools for detection, surveillance and quarantine regulation of Karnal bunt (Tilletia indica) of wheat. Food and Agricultural Immunology, 19: 293-311.

Nene, Y. L. a. P. N. T. 1980. Fungicides in Plant Disease Control. Oxford and IBH Publishing House, New Delhi.

Niaz, I. and S. Dawar. 2009. Detection of seed borne mycoflora in maize (Zea mays L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany, 41: 443-451.

Pathan, M. A., M.M. Jiskani, K.H. Wagan and M. Imran. 2004. Efficacy of different seed dressing fungicides on seed rotting fungi and growth of tomato plants. Pakistan Journal of Seed Technology, 1: 16-31.

Puri, K. D. 2013. Comparative Population Genetics of Fusarium Graminearum and Novel Sources of Resistance to Fusarium Head Blight in Spring Wheat. North Dakota State University.

Ryley, M. J., H. F. Mosetter and J. L. Rose. 1989. Yield losses of soybeans due to Phytophthora megasperma f.sp. Glycinea. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 40: 1161.

Simmonds, N. W. 1986. Grain Legume Crops. Edited by R. J. Summerfield and E. H. Roberts. London: Collins 1985, pp. 859, £30.00. Experimental Agriculture, 22: 314.

Sinclair, J. B. and V. K. Agarwal. 1997. Principles of Seed Pathology. CRC Press.

Vishwakarma, S. N. and K. C. B. Chaudhary. 1974. Floral blight of gram incited by Alternaria alternata. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 80: 110-112.

Walcott, R. R., D. C. McGee and M. K. Misra. 1998. Detection of Asymptomatic Fungal Infections of Soybean Seeds by Ultrasound Analysis. Plant Disease, 82: 584-589.

Wiese, M. V. 1984. Compendium of wheat diseases. 3 ed. The American Phytopathological Society.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Majid Karim, Rashida Perveen, Syed A.H. Naqvi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology
ISSN: 1019-763X (Print), 2305-0284 (Online).
© 2013 Pak. J. Phytopathol. All rights reserved.