TWO NEW NEMATODE SPECIES FROM PISTACHIO FAUNA IN KHORASAN RAZAVI PROVINCE OF IRAN

Reyhane Hadadfar, Esmat M. Moghadam, Sareh Baghaee, majid S. Bajestani

Abstract


Pistachio is an important nut crop in Iranian horticulture which is a strategic and valuable export product and holds the first position in non-oil export of Iran. So that Iran is the largest producer of pistachio that is the first exporter in world and Khorasan Razavi province as the second largest producer in the country has a special position in this regard. Considering that nematodes are one of the most important soil pathogenic agents and can cause considerable damage to pistachio in high populations, since there are no studies on biodiversity of plant parasite nematodes in pistachio gardens of Khorasan Razavi province, so identification of Pistachio plant parasite nematodes is very important. To identify plant parasitic nematodes in pistachio fields of Khorasan Razavi province northeast of Iran, in the years 2016 and 2017 collected 70 root and soils samples from pistachio root rhizosphere (depth 30-50 cm). Samples transferred to laboratory on ice and nematode were extracted by centrifugal and Whithead methods. After obtaining permanent microscopic slides from extracted nematodes, samples considered by BH2 Olympus microscope equipped with drawing tube. In this study 19 species belongs to 8 genus described as: Ditylenchus medicaginis, Pratylenchus neglectus, Pratylenchus coffeae, Pratylenchus wescolagricus, Psilenchus iranicus, Psilenchus hilarus, Psilenchus aestuarius, Psilenchus bilineatus, Psilenchus curcumerus, Psilenchus pratensis, Psilenchus bahiablancea Merlinius graminicola, Merlinius planitierus, Merlinius gatevi, Nagelus leptus, Geocenamus tessellatus, Geocenamus rugosus, Geocenamus koreanus, Meloidogyne javanica and Helichotelenchus exallus. Between this species Geocenamus koreanus and Merlinius gatevi described for first time from Iran nematode fauna and five species have been reported for the first time in Iran. In this study, Pratylenchus (root lesion nematodes) among the other species has the most abundance and dispersion, so they are important.


Keywords


Plant parasitic nematodes, Geocenamus koreanus, Merlinius gatevi, Pistachio

Full Text:

PDF

References


Allen, M.W. 1955. A review of the nematode genus Tylenchorhynchus. Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool., 61: 129-166. https://www.cabi.org/ISC/abstract/20057008693

Alvani, S., Mahdikhani-Moghadam, E., Rouhani, H. and Mohammadi-Khoramabadi, A. 2016. A checklist of the family Pratylenchidae Thorne, 1949 from Iran. Zootaxa, 4079 (2): 179-204. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4079.2.2

Andrassy, I. 1962. Nematoden aus dem Psammon des Adige-Flusses, II. Memorie del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona, 1

Brzeski, M.W. 1991. Taxonomy of Geocenamus Thorne and Malek, 1968 (Nematode: belonolaimidae). Nematologica, 37: 125-173. https://doi.org/10.1163/187529291X00169

Budurova, L.B. 1988. Three new nematode species (Nematoda: Tylenchida) from Bulgaria. Acta. Zool. Bulg., 36: 43-48

Chitwood, B.G. 1949. "Root-knot nematodes". Part l. A revision of the genus Meloidogyne Goeldi, 1887. Proc. Helminthol. Soc. Wash., 16 (2): 90-114.

Choi, Y.E. and Geraert, E. 1971. Two new species of Tylenchida from Korea with a list of other nematodes new for this country. Nematologica, 17: 93-106. https://doi.org/10.1163/187529271X00459

Corbett, D.C.M. 1983. Three new species of Pratylenchus with a redescription of P. andinus Lordello, Zamith and Boock, 1961 (Nematoda: Pratylenchidae). Nematologica, 29 (4): 390-403. https://doi.org/10.1163/187529283X00276

De Grisse, A.T. 1969. Redescription and modification of some techniques used in the study of nematodes phytoparasitaires. Mededelingen Rijksfaculteit Landbouwetenschappen, Gent, 34, 351-369

Ebrahimi, N., Kheiri, A. and Pakniat, M. 2003. Introduce seven plant parasite nematode species Tylenchida for Iran. 15th Iranian plant protection congress, 2: 310.

Filipjev, I.N. and Schurmans Stekhoven, J.N. 1941. A manual of agricultural helminthology. Leiden, Netherland.E. J. Bril, 878. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02000513

Geraert, E. 2008. The Tylenchidae of the world: identification of the family Tylenchida (Nematoda). Gent, Academia Press, 139pp.

Goodey, J.B. 1952. Tylenchorhynchus tessellatus n. sp. (Nematoda: Tylenchida). J. Helminthol., 26: 87-90.

Huang, C.S. and Raski, D.J. 1987. New records of Paratylenchus Micoletzky, 1922 from Brazil with descriptions of two new species (Tylenchulidae: Nemata). J. Nematol., 19 (1): 69. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19290108/

Jabbari, H. and Niknam, G.H. 2008. Plant parasitic nematodes of vegetable fields in Tabriz area. 17th Iranian plant protection congress, 2: 211. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283622427_Plant_parasitic_nematodes_of_vegetable_fields_in_Tabriz_area

Jenkins, W.R. 1964. A rapid centrifugation flotation technique for separating nematodes from soil. Plant Disease Reporter, 48: 692.

Kheiri, A. 1970. Two new species in the family Tylenchidae (Nematoda) from Iran, with a key to Psilenchus de Man, 1921. Nematologica, 16 (3): 359-368.https://doi.org/10.1163/187529270X00045

Kheiri, A. 1972. Plant Parasitic Nematodes (Tylenchida) from Iran. Biol. Jaurb. Dodonaea, 40: 224-239.

Kirjanova, E.S. 1951. Soil nematodes found in cotton fields and in virgin soil of Golodnaya Steppe (Uzbekistan). Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta Akademiya Nauk USSR, 9: 625-657.

Nakhaee Nejad, M. 2007. The first pistachio processing and packaging conference at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.

Neshat, S., Khozeini, F., Barouti, S.H. and Rezaee, S. 2011. Plant parasitic nematode fauna in Pistachio orchards from Sirjan city. Journal of research in plant pathology, 1 (2): 25-32.

Rahaman, P.F., Ahmad, I. and Jairajpuri, M. 1994. One New and Two Known Species of the Family Tylenchidae. Indian. J. Nematol., 24: 62-68

Rensch, B. 1942. Aphelenchus neglectus sp. n. eine neue parasitare Nematodenart. Zool. Anz., 59: 277-280.

Sher, S.A. 1966. Revision of the Hoplolaiminae (Nematoda) VI. Helicotylenchus Steiner, 1945. Nematologica, 12: 1-56. https://doi.org/10.1163/187529266X00013

Siddiqi, M.R. 1976. New plant nematode genera Plesiodorus (Dolichodorinae), Meiodorus (Meiodorinae subfam. n.), Amplimerlinius (Merliniinae) and Gracilancea (Tylodoridae grad. n.). Nematologica, 22 (4): 390-416.https://doi.org/10.1163/187529276X00391

Siddiqi, M.R. 1979. Taxonomy of the plant nematode subfamily Merliniinae Siddiqi, 1970, with descriptions of Merlinius processus n. sp., M. loofi n. sp. and Amplimerlinius globigerus n. sp. from Europe. Syst. Parasitol., 1 (1): 43-60.https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00009773

Siddiqi, M.R. 2000. Tylenchida (Parasites of Plants and Insects) (2th ed.).Oxon, UK. CAB International Publishing. 833 pp. https://dx.doi.org/10.1079/9780851992020.0000

Siddiqi, M.R., Hooper, D.J. and Khan, E. 1963. A new nematode genus Paralongidorus (Nematoda: Dorylaimoidea) with description of two new species and observations on Paralongidorus citri (Siddiqi, 1959) n. comb. Nematologica, 9: 7-14.https://doi.org/10.1163/187529263X00025

Sturhan, D. 2012. Contribution to a revision of the family Merliniidae Ryss, 1998, with proposal of Pratylenchoidinae subfam. n., Paramerlinius gen. n., Macrotylenchus gen. n. and description of M. hylophilus sp. n. J. nematode morphol. Syst., 15 2: 127-147.

Tavallali, V. and Rahemi, M. 2007. Effects of Rootstock on Nutrient Acquisition by Leaf, Kernel and Quality of Pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) Am. Eurasian. J. Agric. and Environ. Sci., 2 (3): 240-246.https://www.idosi.org/aejaes/jaes2 (3)/6.pdf

Thorne, G. and Malek, R.B. 1968. Nematodes of the northern great plains. Part I. Tylenchida (Nematoda: Secernentea). Technical Bulletin South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station, 31: 1-111.

Treub, M. 1885. Onderzoekingen over Sereh-Ziek Suikkereiet gedaan in's Lands Plantentium te Buitenzorg. Mededeelingen uit's Lands plantentium, Batavia, 2: 1-39.

Wasilewska, L. 1965. Ditylenchus medicaginis sp. n., a new parasitic nematode from Poland (Nematoda, Tylenchidae). Bulletin de l'Academie polonaise des Sciences. Classe II. Serie des Sciences Biologiques, 13 (3): 167-170.

Whitehead, A.G. and Hemming, J.R. 1965. A comparison of some quantitative methods extracting small vermiform nematodes from the soil. Ann. Appl. Biol., 55: 25-38.https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1965.tb07864.x

Zimmerman, A. 1898. Nematoden der Koffiewortels. Mededeelingen vit's lands Plantentuin (s gravenhage), 27 (1): 1-66. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.127652




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33866/phytopathol.030.02.0571

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Reyhane Hadadfar, Esmat Mahdikhani-Moghadam, Sareh Baghaee, majid shahi Bajestani

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

      
   
Pakistan Journal of Phytopathological
ISSN: 1019-763X (Print), 2305-0284 (Online).
© 2013 Pak. J. Phytopathol. All rights reserved.