Aqsa Parvaiz, Ghulam Mustafa, Faiz A. Joyia


Fungi are historically notorious pests that have threatened availability of quality food. Several invasive species have appeared to be destructive for valuable crop species and even led to famine in certain severe cases. Surveillance and eradication of these disastrous microbial invaders is dependent on their sentinel behavior. Molecular Biology has helped to great extent in understanding these epidemic agents. Plant defense system as well as plant microbe interaction have well been explored and proved quite fruitful in understanding metabolic pathways involved in pathogenesis and defense response. Ultimately, researchers are able to define strategies for the control of these invasive pathogens. Genome editing has successfully been employed to develop pathogen resistant crops. Antifungal proteins have been expressed through transgenic technology to develop disease resistant plants. A few have proved to be the real success stories whereas others are at the stage of infancy. This review is an update about research work accomplished to-date, for the characterization and identification of fungal pathogens, metabolic pathways activated during plant pathogen interaction, advancements in the detection of fungal pathogens and transgenic plants developed to withstand pathogen attack.


Invasive fungal pathogens, Plant defense response, Molecular diagnosis, Transgenics, Cisgenic approaches.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33866/phytopathol.030.02.0452


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Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology
ISSN: 1019-763X (Print), 2305-0284 (Online).
© 2013 Pak. J. Phytopathol. All rights reserved.