Farhan Ahmad, Kusumiyati Kusumiyati, Muhammad R. Khan, Mochamad A. S., Ristina S. Sundari


The global agricultural landscape has undergone a substantial shift towards sustainable and regulated cultivation practices for cherry tomatoes in recent decades, leading to the widespread adoption of greenhouse farming as a popular alternative. The research was conducted at the Bale Tatanen, Faculty of Agriculture, Padjadjaran University, Jatinangor, Sumedang Regency, from December 2022 – May 2023. The objectives of the study include identifying better cultivars (Ruby & Fortesa) in microclimate control covers (greenhouse, rain shelter and screen house) by providing watering capacities (100% ETc, 75% ETc and 50% ETc). The choice of cultivar markedly influences disease susceptibility. Notably, the "Ruby" cultivar exhibited a consistently higher vulnerability to various diseases, particularly Fusarium oxysporum, late blight, fruit cracking, and blossom end rot. Conversely, the "Fortesa" cultivar demonstrated lower susceptibility, underscoring the potential of cultivar selection as a disease management strategy. Various microclimate control coverings have shown varying degrees of effectiveness in disease prevention. The greenhouse environment was the most effective in protecting against fruit cracking, blossom end rot, pest infestations, and fruit ailments. In contrast, the screen house consistently displayed the highest disease susceptibility, underscoring the need to evaluate growing structures to mitigate disease risks meticulously. The study also revealed the critical role of watering capacities in disease management. Plants receiving 100% ETc consistently exhibited a lower prevalence of several illnesses, highlighting the importance of maintaining optimal soil moisture levels through precise irrigation practices in disease prevention. Cultivar selection significantly affects disease susceptibility in cherry tomato cultivation, with the "Ruby" cultivar showing higher vulnerability and the "Fortesa" cultivar demonstrating lower susceptibility. Effective disease management can be achieved by adopting greenhouse environments and a watering capacity of 100% ETc, emphasizing the importance of these factors in sustainable cherry tomato production in the agroclimatic condition of Jatinangor.


Microclimate; Watering capacities; Disease; Cherry tomato; Cultivars

Full Text:



Adhikari, P., Y. Oh and D. R. Panthee. 2017. Current status of early blight resistance in tomato: An update. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 18(10).

Ajilogba, C. and O. O. Babalola. 2013. Integrated management strategies for tomato fusarium wilt. Biocontrol Science, 18(3): 117–127.

Amalero, E. G., G.L Ingua, G.B Erta, and P. L. Emanceau. 2003. Review article Methods for studying root colonization by introduced. Agronomie, 23: 407–418.

Carisse, O. and H. V. D. Heyden. 2015. Relationship of airborne botrytis cinerea conidium concentration to tomato flower and stem infections: A threshold for de-leafing operations. Plant Disease, 99(1) : 137–142.

de Oliveira, H. F. E., H. deM. Campos, M. Mesquita, R. L. Machado, L. S. R. Vale, A. P. S. Siqueira and R. S. Ferrarezi. 2021. Horticultural performance of greenhouse cherry tomatoes irrigated automatically based on soil moisture sensor readings. Water (Switzerland), 13(19).

Ehret, D. L., B. D Hill, D. A. Raworth and B. Estergaard. 2008. Artificial neural network modelling to predict cuticle cracking in greenhouse peppers and tomatoes. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 61(2) :108–116.

Ho, L. C. and P. J. White. 2005. A cellular hypothesis for the induction of blossom-end rot in tomato fruit. Annals of Botany, 95(4): 571–581.

Ibrahim, A., M. Alenazi and A. Alsadon. 2016. Response of cherry tomatoes to irrigation levels and fruit pruning under greenhouse conditions. Pdf. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 18: 1091–1103.

Kachaka, S. K., R. Merckx, and K. Vlassak. 2003. Microbial Biomass Changes during Decomposition of Plant Residues in a Lixisol. January, 28–30.

Lai, J., X. Cao, T. Yu, Q. Wang, Y. Zhang, X. Zheng and H. Lu. 2018. Effect of Cryptococcus laurentii on inducing disease resistance in cherry tomato fruit with focus on the expression of defense-related genes. Food Chemistry, 254: 208–216.

Liu, J., T. Hu, P. Feng, L. Wang and S. Yang. 2019. Tomato yield and water use efficiency change with various soil moisture and potassium levels during different growth stages. PLoS ONE, 14(3): 1–14.

McGovern, R. J. 2015. Management of tomato diseases caused by Fusarium oxysporum. Crop Protection, 73: 78–92.

Oladokun, J. O., H. M. Halabi, P. Barua and P. D. Nath. 2019. Tomato brown rugose fruit disease: current distribution, knowledge and future prospects. Plant Pathology, 68(9): 1579–1586.

Peters, J., R. Mumford, G. Bese, M. Schenk, R. V. D. Vlugt, J. Glyn, A. A. Fernandez and C. Lambourne. 2011. The effect of Pepino mosaic virus on tomato yield. Acta Horticulturae, 914: 203–206.

Pill, W. G. and V. N. Lambeth. 2022 . Effects of Soil Water Regime and Nitrogen Form on Blossom-end Rot, Yield, Water Relations, and Elemental Composition of Tomato1. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 105(5) : 730–734.

Singh, R. P., S. Tiwari, M. Singh, A. Singh and A. K. Singh. 2020. Important diseases of greenhouse crops and their integrated management: A review. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 8: 962–970.

Szuvandzsiev, P., L. Helyes, A. Neményi, and Z. Pék. 2014. Effect of water supply on yield characteristics of processing Cherry tomato. Acta Horticulturae, 1038: 587–592.

Taylor, M. D. and S. J. Locascio. 2004. Blossom-End Rot: A Calcium Deficiency. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 27(1): 123–139.

Zhu, G., P. Sha, X. Zhu, X. Shi, M. Shahriar, Y. Zhou, S. Wang and P. Laborda. 2021. Postharvest Biology and Technology Application of melatonin for the control of food-borne Bacillus species in cherry tomatoes. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 181: 111656.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33866/phytopathol.035.02.968


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Farhan Ahmad, Kusumiyati Kusumiyati, Muhammad Rabnawaz Khan, Mochamad Arief Soleh, Ristina Siti Sundari

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology
ISSN: 1019-763X (Print), 2305-0284 (Online).
© 2013 Pak. J. Phytopathol. All rights reserved.